The Acropolis is located on a flat-topped rock that rises 150 m above sea level in the city of Athens, with an area of on a average 3 hectares. While the first artifacts date from the middle Neolithic era, homes in Attica have been documented since the early Neolithic period. The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most eminent ancient archeological site in the world. Located on a limestone hill above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis has been situated since prehistoric times.
The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of classical soul and civility and form the largest architectural and artistic complex that Greek antiquity bequeathed to the world. In the second half of the 5th century BC. C. Athens, after the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position among the other city-states of the ancient world.
In the era that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into practice the ambitious plans of the Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of the Thought and lyrics. The most important cenotaph were built during that time, the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small Nike Athena temple.
A home for kings, a citadel, a mythical home of the gods, a religious center and a tourist attraction. It has resisted the bombing, massive earthquakes and vandalism, but remains a reminder of the rich history Greece. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage cultural site and home to several temples, the most famous of which is the Parthenon.
Determined to take the Acropolis to a level of splendor never seen before, Pericles began a massive construction project that lasted 50 years. Two well-known architects, Callicrates and Ictinus, and the famous sculptor Phidias helped plan and execute the Pericles plan. Pericles did not live long enough to see his entire vision of the Acropolis come true, but the temple builders and architects continued working until they completed the project. The south and north walls were rebuilt and some of the most emblematic structures in the world.